Ammonia, nitrites and nitrates are all byproducts of organic waste breaking down in an aquarium, and all are toxic at some level to your fish and plant life.
Ammonia is a compound of Nitrogen and Hydrogen (NH3). In terms relevant to aquaria, ammonia is the direct result of fish osmoregulation (directly tied to fish respiration) as well as a product of anything organic that has been broken down by heteroptrophic bacteria. This could be fish food, a dead fish, a dead plant, and of course, fish excrement. Ammonia is toxic to fish. Even strong fish cannot tolerate its presence in the water for extended periods of time without sustaining permanent physical damage. Luckily, the answer to ammonia is a free one - bacteria. Specific ammonia oxidzing bacteria will break down ammonia just like other bacteria breaks down fish food and fish excrement. Once ammonia has been broken down (oxidized) it becomes Nitrite. It's important to know that Nitrites are also quite toxic to fish. Not as quite as severe as ammonia but still dangerous. Again, nature provides the solution. Another species of bacteria specializes in breaking down (oxidizing) nitrites. Once nitrites have been broken down they become Nitrates. This process... from fish food to nitrates... is infamously recognized as the .
Ammonia is a chemical compound that can infiltrate your aquarium. Ammonia can enter your tank through outside water or decomposition of fish or other natural matter in your tank. Ammonia can be very harmful to your fish. That is why it is important to keep your ammonia levels as close to zero as possible. You can take several steps to monitor your ammonia levels and to lower them as necessary.
High Ammonia Levels In Cycling Tank | My Aquarium Club
High Ammonia Levels In My Tank And Cloudy Water | My Aquarium Club
Like all living creatures, fish give off waste products (pee andpoo). These nitrogenous waste products break down into ammonia (NH3),which is highly toxic to most fishes. In nature, the volume of waterper fish is extremely high, and waste products become diluted to lowconcentrations. In aquariums, however, it can take as little as a fewhours for ammonia concentrations to reach toxic levels.If you have any kind of fish tank or aquarium at home, you will know exactly what we are talking about here. Ammonia is a huge problem is planted tanks as well as normal fish tanks too. In fact, it is highly poisonous to any and all living organisms in your fish tank. It will quickly poison, eat away at, and eventually kill all of the plant and fish life in your aquarium. So, we are here today to help you figure out how to lower ammonia levels in your fish tank.Like all living creatures, fish give off waste products (pee andpoo). These nitrogenous waste products break down into ammonia (NH3),which is highly toxic to most fishes. In nature, the volume of waterper fish is extremely high, and waste products become diluted to lowconcentrations. In aquariums, however, it can take as little as a fewhours for ammonia concentrations to reach toxic levels.One of the greatest sources of suddenammonia/ammonium surges in the aquarium, new or matured, is the deathof a fish. The aquarium should be carefully observed daily to be sureall occupants are active and swimming. The best time for this inventoryis during the feeding where all fish should be actively eating. When afish does expire, the body begins to decay almost immediately andrapidly becomes a huge source of organic material and heightened decayprocesses. The decay of a single body can quickly bring ammonia levelsup to dangerous levels,. These concentrations often overcome thenatural balance and control exerted by beneficial bacteria that areavailable to eliminate it as fast as it is produced, at least in themature aquarium. Often the unobserved or late removal in the death of asingle fish will end in the stressful poisoning of the rest in thetank. This single original source often starts a domino effect of deathto all the other fish in the aquarium.