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One of the best ways to ensure that you meet the dietary needs of your saltwater fish is to feed them a diet as close to their natural foods as possible. Unfortunately, this ideal approach is usually difficult, if not impossible, to actually do. So, the next best thing is to provide them with as varied a menu as possible in an attempt to cover all the nutritional bases.
The modern saltwater fishkeeper has access to many great frozen foods. One good staple is frozen seafood, which is widely available in many stores. Shrimp, clams, squid and saltwater fish flesh — rinsed and finely chopped — are great foods. You can run frozen shrimp, squid or fish flesh over a cheese grater to produce bite-size shavings for your fish. Many graters have holes of varying size, so you can adjust the size of the shavings to best suit the size of the fish you’re feeding. If offering saltwater fish flesh, avoid oily species (e.g., tuna, herring), as these will cause a fatty film on the water’s surface. Also be aware that fresh foods can quickly become rancid, polluting the aquarium. It’s important to remove uneaten pieces from the bottom of the aquarium and filter soon after the food is put into the aquarium. Although some have suggested that feeding fresh or frozen seafood can spread pathogens to your fish, to the best of my knowledge I have never had this happen.
Best food for my fish | REEF2REEF Saltwater and Reef Aquarium Forum
Marine Foods for Saltwater Fish and Invertebrates - The Spruce
The best DIY saltwater fish food to start out with are regular table shrimp–yep, the kind you would dunk in cocktail sauce and eat. Most of the meat-eating fish in your tank will enjoy a shrimp cocktail (figuratively speaking), shrimp are readily available in most supermarkets, and you buy buy a few shrimp (which will last you longer than you think) for pretty cheap. If your store has a ‘seafood counter’, you can ask the attendant to weigh out just a few shrimp–which will only cost you the loose change in your pocket. Buy raw shrimp, if you can find them, but cooked shrimp will do the trick too. When you get the shrimp home, peel off the shell, ball up the couple of shrimp you bought inside of a sealable plastic bag and stick it in the freezer.The other half of the battle and very important factor in keeping your fish alive and healthy, is their food and daily diet. While all of your saltwater fish will generally eat the same food, each option in this list of the best saltwater fish food has their advantages and disadvantages. Having a community of marine fish means that your fish will live and eat at different levels within the fish tank. Depending what saltwater fish you get, they could be top feeders, middle feeders, or bottom feeders. Sometimes one fish food on this list is good enough for your entire aquarium, but other times you might need a combination of foods. Wether that’s because different foods sink at different rates or you just have picky eaters, using a combination is a great idea.We have found that many fish, just like many other animals, will imitate other fish when they see them eating something. When you acclimate a new fish into your saltwater aquarium, if they see another fish (particularly one of the same or similar species) eating a specific food, they will also be tempted to try it out. One of the greatest obstacles to overcome with a new fish is that it may be overly stressed due to being collected, held for a period of time at the collectors site, then shipped to a transshipper where it may or may not eat or even be fed, then on to your Local Fish Store where you finally see and buy it. In the best of cases, by the time you get your new fish to your aquarium, it may have gone a week or so without eating anything. It has been our experience that, many times, if a fish hasn't eaten for a long long period of time that it loses its appetite altogether and won't eat even its preferred food from the wild. For this reason, it is always wise to have the LFS person who is trying to sell you a fish to have them demonstrate that and what a fish is eating before buying it. This goes for any fish, even if it has a reputation for being easy to feed hand fed foods.Live worms are about the best thing we can feed to our fish. How do I know this? Am I just making it up so I have something to write? Actually, no. Live California blackworms have been used for ornamental fish food since a few years after World War II, as that is when I started feeding them to my freshwater fish. Blackworms will get freshwater fish into spawning condition in no time, and I can attest that the same applies to saltwater fish.