AQUARIUMS: Tropical freshwater fish profiles: Bottom feeders.
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Fish that stay primarily on the bottom of your tank are known as bottom dwellers, even though they often move about through all strata of the tank. Fish that spend the great majority of their time on the substrate often do a service of sorts by picking off any food that is missed by the fish that inhabit the upper echelons of your tank. Now that is not to say that you can get away with not target feeding bottom dwellers because you can’t, as these fish often have certain food requirements that aren’t remedied by the occasional morsel that makes its way to the gravel. In short, you still have to feed them. Usually a sinking pellet or tablet will suffice. Herbivorous fish such as the otocinclus and the plecostomus also benefit from leafy greens. It all depends on the species of the fish. Here are 5 great bottoms dwelling fish for the freshwater aquarium. They all have certain requirements but if these requirements are met, you can have some nice fish to accent the fish that reside at mid level as well as any that stay at the top level of the tank. So, in no particular order, I present these fish.
Starting my first ever aquarium and am looking for a little stocking help. I have a 29 gallon freshwater tank all set up and it has been running for 5 days. Going out this weekend to start adding some fish. My plan is to have 5-7 Serpea Tetra, 5-7 Tiger Barbs and then something to have on bottom. My problem is that I keep running into walls for ideas for bottom feeders..
Freshwater Bottom Feeder Fish | Blue Moon Aquarium Services
Bottom Feeder Pellets & Discs for Saltwater and Freshwater Fish
This awesome looking fish is called a Farlowella Twig Catfish! They are bottom feeders:) These do not get very big at all and can be put in just about any freshwater tank!The fourth category of fish – the Demersal species – can be found in both superior and inferior models. Catfish – the gaff topsail or hardheads we catch in saltwater, or the tasty channels we eat from freshwater – are clearly inferiors. They live on the bottom, and they eat stuff they find there. Grouper – the bottom dwellers we buy at restaurants and pay tons of money to catch – live on the bottom but look up. Rays are another of the fish we often catch that live almost stuck to the bottom. A catfish will hit a lure, and grouper can be caught in 12 feet of water here on the Gulf, at times acting for all the world like largemouth bass. Their mouth structure is almost identical – bottom jaws considerably shorter than the top and their mouths at a forty-five degree angle. Channel catfish are not the only edible ones we catch. Sometimes try skinning, cleaning, and baking or frying a Gaff Topsail. You might be amazed at the flavor and texture of their clean white meat.Sturgeons are an ancient, nearly prehistoric type of bottom-feeding fish, with their lineage tracing back 350 million years. Sturgeons live in both saltwater and freshwater in North America, with some ocean species traveling up rivers to spawn. Sturgeons have five rows of bony plates running in a longitudinal manner down their bodies, making them appear to have five sides. The ventral mouth lacks teeth, and the fish has four barbels around its mouth to help it locate food on the bottom. Among the types of sturgeon found in American waters are the Atlantic, lake, white, shortnose and shovelnose sturgeons. While the shovelnose sturgeon averages about 7 lbs., the white sturgeon’s weight may exceed 1,000 lbs.The kuhli loach (Acanthophthalmus kuhlii) has got to be my favorite freshwater aquarium fish. Elusive, secretive, and beautifully banded in orange and black, the kuhli loach looks like a Halloween swizzle stick, complete with barbels that help it to locate food on the bottom of the tank. This fish is primarily nocturnal, so it is advised that you feed them at night. With the lights off. Also, make sure that they have a cave to hide in, or gravel in which they can burrow under. I’ve had may kuhli loaches over the years and they can love a long time. They are a peaceful fish that will do well with other peaceful fish.